Thursday, September 6, 2018

No Condemnation!

Part 23 of Romans: The Gospel of God

Text: Romans 8:1, 13

There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus (v. 1). 

A Heck of a Story!

I remember watching the NFL Network’s Super Bowl LI edition of Sound FX. The Patriots are losing 28-3 in the middle of the third quarter. A Patriots’ victory appears highly unlikely. But one thing that stood out to me was Patriot’s wide receiver Julian Edelman telling teammates, “It’s gonna be a [heck] of a story!”

Edelman ended up being right. Super Bowl LI did become “a [heck] of a story” for the Patriots. They ended up winning the game 34-28. The Patriots’ 25-point comeback is the largest comeback in Super Bowl history.

In the book of Romans, the apostle Paul says that every single one of us is a sinner. We have broken God’s law. We are guilty. And there is absolutely nothing we can do to take away our guilt.

It looks very bad for us. But “where sin increased, grace increased all the more” (5:20, NIV). The gospel is an amazing story!

Security and Warning

We are free from condemnation. But does that mean we’re free from obligation (i.e., obeying God’s commands)? Look at verse 13: “If you live according to the flesh you will die [eternally], but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live [eternally].”

According to verses 1 and 13, there is—for the believer—freedom from condemnation, but there isn’t freedom from obligation.

  • Does “no condemnation” mean that we are absolutely secure in Christ? 
  • Does the warning “If you live according to the flesh you will die” mean that we have to “earn our keep”? 

Freedom from Condemnation Yes!

“There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus” (v. 1).

  • “Condemnation” is “the opposite of justification.” [1]
  • “Now” refers to the new era that began when Jesus died on the cross and rose from the dead.
  • “Therefore” points back to what Paul has been saying about God’s grace. 
  • How can we be free from condemnation? God “condemned sin in the flesh” (v. 3). “The flesh” refers to Christ’s body. 
  • It doesn’t say, “No condemnation unless….” We don’t have to fear that any sin will ever condemn us! “Who is to condemn?” (v. 34). 
  • “To insist on feeling guilty is but another way of insisting on helping God with our salvation. How deeply imbedded in human nature is the influence of works-righteousness!” [2]

Freedom from Obligation? No!

“For if you live according to the flesh you will die, but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live” (v. 13).
[How does] the need to put sin away from us relate to the promise of verse 1? Calvinists and Arminians are agreed that the believer must progress in the battle against sin if he or she is to attain eternal life. But the Arminian believes that a regenerate person might, indeed, be so lured by the flesh that he or she fails to progress in the Christian life. At some point, then, that person might cease to be “in Christ.” Thus, the promise of verse 1 no longer applies to that person. The Calvinist, by contrast, believes that the influence of the Spirit in a believer’s life is so dominant that he or she can never reach the point of falling permanently into a lifestyle of sin and so forfeit the promise of “no condemnation.” [3]
“Security without responsibility breeds passivity, but responsibility without security leads to anxiety.” We need balance! [4]


[1] John Murray, The Epistle to the Romans, p. 274.
[2] Robert H. Mounce, Romans, p. 174.
[3] Douglas J. Moo, Romans, p. 258.
[4] Ibid.

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