Tuesday, August 21, 2018

What Does Not Being "Under Law" Mean?

Part 21 of Romans: The Gospel of God

Text: Romans 6:14b

You are not under law but under grace (v. 14b). 

Not Under Law

Romans 6:14 says, “You are not under law but under grace.” When the apostle Paul writes, “You are not under law,” he’s addressing the believers in Rome. But the same thing can also be said of us today: we (i.e., believers) are not under law. What does that mean?

Picking and Choosing?

Christians are often accused of being inconsistent. It’s often said, “Christians pick and choose which rules in the Bible to obey.”

  • Did you eat any shellfish this week? Leviticus 11:9 says not to eat “anything in the seas or the rivers that does not have fins and scales.” 
  • Did you do any work on Saturday? Saturday is the Sabbath, and the Fourth Commandment says, “On [the Sabbath] you shall not do any work” (Exod. 20:9-10). 
  • Are you wearing an article of clothing that’s a blend of two different fabrics? Leviticus 19:19 says, “[You shall not] wear a garment of cloth made of two kinds of material.” 

Under What Law?

Imagine someone from another country accusing us Canadians of not obeying all of Canada’s laws. The person says, “I have a book that lists several laws that you’re not obeying.” You ask to look at the book and discover that it was published in 1972. Many of the laws that existed in 1972 have been repealed. We could say that we’re not under those laws.

When Paul says, “You are not under law,” what does he mean by “law”? He’s talking about the law of Moses (i.e., the Torah). This law—which included the Ten Commandments—was given by God through Moses to the nation of Israel.

Free to Do Whatever?

Does this mean we’re free to do whatever we want to do? Paul brings up this question in 6:15: “What then? Are we to sin because we are not under law but under grace?” Paul says, “By no means!”

We aren’t under the law of Moses, but we are under a different law: the law of Christ. [Read 1 Corinthians 9:19-21.] Paul says that he’s not “under the law” (v. 20), but he also says he’s not “outside the law of God” (v. 21). In other words, Paul isn’t under the law of Moses, but that doesn’t mean he’s not under any law. He’s “under the law of Christ” (v. 21).

The Law of Christ

What is the law of Christ? Douglas Moo says that the law of Christ is “the example of Jesus and the commands he and his apostles issue as a guide to the Spirit-filled life (Romans, p. 222).”

When we read the NT, we come across Jesus and the apostles saying that some of the commands of the law of Moses no longer need to be obeyed. For example, Jesus says, “Do you not see that whatever goes into a person from outside cannot defile him, since it enters not his heart but his stomach, and is expelled?” (Mark 7:18-19). Then Mark adds, “Thus he declared all foods clean” (v. 19).

Jesus said that the law of Moses could be summed up by stating two of its commands:

  • “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might” (Deut. 6:5).
  • “You shall love your neighbor as yourself” (Lev. 19:18). 

The law of Christ includes these two commands. [Read Romans 13:8-10.] The law of Christ also includes nine of the Ten Commandments. (The Fourth Commandment is no longer in effect: “Let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink, or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath,” Col. 2:16.)

Why All Those "Strange" Rules?

Have you ever wondering why the law of Moses included all of those “strange” rules? Let’s think specifically about what the law says about being “clean” and “unclean.” I believe God wanted to show us that entering the presence of a holy God shouldn’t be thought of as an easy thing to do.

Jesus declared, “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them” (Matt. 5:17). Jesus fulfilled the sacrificial system in the law of Moses. He gave his life to take away our “uncleanness.” His blood makes us “clean.” “We have confidence to enter [the presence of God] by the blood of Jesus” (Heb. 10:19).

Not Picking and Choosing

We’re not picking and choosing which rules in the Bible to obey. In a way, Jesus picked and chose which rules we are to obey. We obey the law of Christ.

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