Monday, May 7, 2018

What Is Faith?

Part 12 of Romans: The Gospel of God

Text: Romans 4:9-25




No unbelief made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God, fully convinced that God was able to do what he had promised (vv. 20-21).


Incredible Promises 

Every day we hear incredible promises from advertisers. For example, lots of exercise gadgets (e.g., the Ab Roller) promise to give you “rock-hard abs.” But those gadgets usually end up in yard sales. They don’t do what they promise to do. If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.

What is faith? We need to understand what faith really is. The apostle Paul shows us what biblical faith is by telling us about the faith of Abraham, the “forefather” of the Jews (v. 1).


Abraham Believed 

On a clear night, God takes Abraham outside. He tells him to look up at the stars and try to count them. And God says to Abraham, “So shall your offspring be.” Abraham’s descendants will be as numerous as the stars in the sky! That’s an incredible promise!

The word “incredible” means “difficult to believe.” God’s promise is hard to believe. Abraham and his wife Sarah are old and childless. To have even one descendant is physically impossible for them. But is anything too hard for God?

In spite of how everything looks, Abraham believes.

Genesis 15:6 says that Abraham “believed the LORD, and he counted [i.e., credited] it to him as righteousness” (cf. v. 3). Paul quotes this verse to show that Abraham was justified (i.e., declared righteous, innocent of wrongdoing) by faith, not by works (i.e., obeying God’s law).

Back in Paul’s day, a big question was, “Is justification only possible for ‘the circumcised’”? Paul points out that Abraham was justified before he was circumcised (Gen. 17). God had not only promised Abraham that he’d have countless descendants, but that he’d also be the father of many nations (Gen. 17:5; cf., v. 17). Paul says that this promise has been fulfilled because Abraham is the father of all who believe (vv. 11-12)—whether they are Jews (i.e., circumcised) or Gentiles (i.e., uncircumcised).


Father Abraham 

How did Abraham become the father of many nations? Centuries later, the son of Abraham would be born—Jesus (Matt. 1:1). He was named “Jesus” because he would “save his people from their sins” (Matt. 1:21). “His people” would be every person (regardless of nationality) who would put their faith in Jesus.

Before his ascension, Jesus told his followers to “make disciples of all nations” (Matt. 28:19). And that’s what they did. They took the gospel everywhere. It even reached us! Everyone who believes the gospel becomes a son or daughter of Abraham.

Being a son or daughter of Abraham means we enjoy the blessing of God. God promised Abraham, “In you all the families [i.e., nations] of the earth shall be blessed” (Gen. 12:3). The apostle John was given a vision of heaven, and he tells us what he saw: “I looked, and behold, a great multitude that no one could number, from every nation and peoples and languages, standing before the throne and before the lamb…and crying out with a loud voice, ‘Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!’” (Rev. 7:10). God’s love extends to all people.

On that night when Abraham tried to count the stars, one of the stars represented me—a son of Abraham!


Faith Defined

Paul says that Abraham was “fully convinced that God was able to do what he had promised” (v. 21).

  • In hope he believed against hope, that he should become the father of many nations” (v. 18). 
  • He did not weaken in faith when he considered his own body, which was as good as dead (since he was about a hundred years old), or when he considered the barrenness of Sarah’s womb” (v. 19). 
  • He trusted the God “who gives life to the dead [i.e., Abraham’s “dead” body and Sarah’s “dead” womb] and calls into existence the things that do not exist [i.e., many nations that didn’t yet exist]” (v. 17). 
  • No unbelief made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God” (v. 20). 

What is faith? Faith is the firm belief that God will do whatever he has promised to do. Abraham’s faith didn’t weaken and didn’t waver. He believed even when it seemed crazy to keep on believing. But if you’ve read about Abraham in the book of Genesis, you might disagree with Paul’s description of Abraham’s faith. Didn’t Abraham’s faith weaken and waver? Yes, at times it did. But those were momentary lapses of faith. There is no believing without some doubting.

Three quick points on faith:

  1. Faith is based on God’s word. But many times we believe things that God hasn’t promised.
  2. Faith is a willingness to receive. We don’t get the credit for receiving. The glory goes to God. 
  3. Faith is nothing without God.