Tuesday, February 27, 2018

How God Deals with Hypocrites

Part 6 of Romans: The Gospel of God

Text: Romans 2:1-11




Therefore you have no excuse, O man, every one of you who judges. For in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things (v. 1).


Hypocrites Give Christianity a Bad Name

What kind of person is most responsible for giving Christianity a bad name? The hypocrite. How many times have you heard someone say, “Christians are nothing but hypocrites”?

Sadly, many “Christians” are hypocrites. There are many people in churches who appear to be Christians but aren’t true Christians. They don’t really love God and others. They are hypocrites, and they give Christianity a bad name. How does God deal with hypocrites? 


Is It Wrong to Judge?

Paul writes, “Therefore you [he’s now addressing Jews] have no excuse [see 1:20], O man, every one of you who judges. For in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things” (v. 1). What Paul says here reminds us of the words of Jesus in Matthew 7:1-5:
“Judge not, that you be not judged. For with the judgment you pronounce you will be judged, and with the measure you use it will be measured to you. Why do you see the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ when there is the log in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother’s eye.” 
It’s silly to think that we should go through life without making judgments between right and wrong. [1] What both Jesus and Paul are prohibiting is judging that’s hypocritical and judgmental. [2] We have a strange habit of being critical of everyone except ourselves.


God's Justice and Kindness

There are two ways in which God deals with hypocrites. First, because God is just, he won’t allow the unrepentant hypocrite to escape judgment. “We know that the judgment of God rightly falls on those who practice such things. Do you suppose, O man—you who judge those who practice such things and yet do them yourself—that you will escape the judgment of God?” (vv. 2-3).

Second, because God is kind, he gives everyone—even the hypocrite—an opportunity to repent. “Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God’s kindness is meant to lead you to repentance? But because of your hard and impenitent hearts you are storing up wrath for yourself on the day of wrath when God’s righteous judgment will be revealed” (vv. 4-5). But don’t assume that God’s kindness means that judgment will never come.


Judged According to Works? 

Paul says that everyone will be judged according to works: “He will render to each one according to his works: to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life” (vv. 6-7). Does this contradict what Paul states later in Romans? For example, he says in 3:20, “By works of the law no human being will be justified [declared by God righteous, innocent of sin] in [God’s] sight.” [3]

We aren’t justified by doing good works; we are “justified by faith” (5:1). But good works are the evidence that we have been changed by the Holy Spirit after we believed the gospel. This is what Paul says in Ephesians 2:8-9:
By grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them. 
“Faith apart from works is dead” (James 2:26). “The presence or absence of saving faith in our hearts will be disclosed by the presence or absence of good works of love in our lives.” [4] Earlier Paul mentioned “the obedience of faith” (1:5). “Faith [works] through love” (Gal. 5:6).


God Doesn't Play Favourites

The reason why Paul states that “everyone will be judged according to works” is because he’s arguing that everyone—Jew and Gentile—will be judged in the same way. A Jew won’t receive preferential treatment. The Jew in Paul’s day is similar to the churchgoer in our day. Some churchgoers think, “God will be easy on me on the day of judgment because I’m a church member, etc.” But “God shows not partiality” (v. 11). God doesn’t play favourites. “For those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury” (v. 8).

“In contrast to the Jews’ tendency to regard their election as a guarantee that they would be ‘first’ in salvation and ‘last’ in judgment, Paul insists that their priority be applied equally to both [see vv. 9-10].” [5] With greater privilege comes greater responsibility.

The churchgoing hypocrite will either repent of his sin or face the wrath of God. There is no other fate for the hypocrite.

___________________

[1] When someone says, “You shouldn’t judge,” they’re actually judging!
[2] A judgmental person lacks honest about his own sinfulness and is quick to judge others harshly. Someone like this doesn’t understand God’s grace.
[3] One interpretation is that Paul is speaking hypothetically: if you could obey the law perfectly, then you would obtain eternal life. But I don’t think this is the correct interpretation.
[4] John R. W. Stott, The Message of Romans, 84.
[5] Douglas J. Moo, The Epistle to the Romans, 139.

Monday, February 19, 2018

Why Is God So Angry?

Part 5 of Romans: The Gospel of God

Text: Romans 1:24-32




Therefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, to the dishonoring of their bodies among themselves, because they exchanged the truth about God for a lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator (vv. 24-25). 


A Foolish Exchange

People have made a foolish exchange. They have exchanged the Creator for created things (v. 25), thinking that these things can make them happy. C. S. Lewis writes,
Creatures are not born with desires unless satisfaction for those desires exists. A baby feels hunger well, there is such a thing as food. A duckling wants to swim: well, there is such a thing as water. Men feel sexual desire: well, there is such a thing as sex. If I find in myself a desire which no experience in this world can satisfy, the most probable explanation is that I was made for another world (Mere Christianity, 134-135). 
We were made to know God. And if we never find him, our search for happiness will end in disappointment.

God “gave them up” (vv. 24, 26, 28). He allowed them to do what they wanted to do. The result was “all manner of unrighteousness” (v. 29).


God's Anger

Verse 18 says, “The wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men.” Why is God so angry?

When we hear the word “wrath,” we often think of someone who has an anger issue (i.e., someone with a short fuse). But God doesn’t have a short fuse. In Exodus 34:6, God proclaims to Moses that he is “a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness.” God is slow to anger.

God’s wrath is his righteous anger (i.e., a right kind of anger) over all sin. God is angry only when it’s right to be angry. There are times when anger is right (i.e., appropriate, fitting) and indifference is wrong. It’s right to be angry when an evil act is committed (e.g., this week’s school shooting in Florida). We get angry because we care. “Unrighteousness” (i.e., sin, breaking God’s commands—not loving God and others) makes God angry because he cares about us. Sin hurts either us or others. 

When an evil act is committed, we also desire justice. But God gains no pleasure out of punishing people for their sin. “As I live, declares the LORD GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way and live; turn back, turn back from your evil ways, for why will you die, O house of Israel?” (Ezek. 33:11). Jesus “wept over” (Luke 19:41) the city of Jerusalem and said, “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to it! How often would I have gathered your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you would not!” (Matt. 23:37).

God will not overlook any sin, but he wants to forgive every sin. He is “patient toward [us], not wishing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance” (2 Peter 3:9). The cross proves to us both the awfulness of sin in the eyes of God (if he could overlook sin, why did Jesus die for our sin?) and the love of God for us.


Homosexuality 

The apostle Paul singles out one sin: homosexuality. Why? Probably the phrase “contrary to nature” (v. 26) is the key to answering that question. Paul began by talking about mankind suppressing the truth about God, which is contrary to nature. Belief in God is natural (i.e., we’re hardwired to believe in God). So then Paul points out a sin (homosexuality) that is unnatural (i.e., not what God intended for mankind).

We live in a culture in which anything is acceptable between two consenting adults. But God made us male and female. And God made sex. And sex is only to be enjoyed by a man and a woman who are married to each other. (However it isn’t a sin to be attracted to the same sex.)

It’s imperative that we maintain a balance between biblical conviction and Christlike compassion. If you say to a gay person, “I love you, but I can’t accept your lifestyle,” they’ll say, “But this is who I am!” You probably won’t convince them with your words, so just show them love. 


Don't Forget About the Other Sins

Let’s not overlook the other sins mentioned in this passage. Gossip is a sin that angers God (v. 29). Instead of praying for a person’s problems, the gossiper would rather talk about their problems. Instead of saying a kind word to that person, the gossiper would rather criticize them behind their backs.

Don’t say anything negative about someone that you wouldn’t say to them. And when you hear gossip, ask the person, “Have you spoken to them about this concern you have?” God hates gossip. It hurts people, and it can destroy the unity of a church.

Monday, February 12, 2018

A Foolish Trade

Part 4 of Romans: The Gospel of God

Text: Romans 1:21-23




Claiming to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things (vv. 22-23). 


The Human Heart Is an Idol Factory 

The apostle Paul writes, “Claiming to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged [i.e., traded] the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things” (vv. 22-23). What he’s saying is that mankind traded God for idols. Idolatry is the worship of a God-substitute. Idolaters exchange the worship of God for the worship of a substitute.

What are the first two commandments? The first commandment: “You shall have no other gods before me” (Exod. 20:3). And the second commandment: “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or serve them” (Exod. 20:4-5). The Ten Commandments begin by forbidding idolatry—perhaps because idolatry is the root of all other sins. 

The human heart is an idol factory. The apostle John writes, “Little children, keep yourselves from idols” (1 John 5:21). John was probably writing to Christians living near or in the city of Ephesus. [1] In Ephesus, there was both pagan idolatry and idolatry of the heart. [2] Ephesus was famous for its Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (see Acts 19:21-41). The worship of Artemis was pagan idolatry. The apostle Paul, in his letter to the Ephesians, states that a “covetous” person is “an idolater” (Eph. 5:5; cf. Col. 3:5). Covetousness is one type of idolatry of the heart.

John Calvin writes that idolatry is “to worship the gifts in place of the giver himself.” [3] Tim Keller defines idolatry as “the making of good things into ultimate things.” [4] In his book Counterfeit Gods, Keller writes than an idol is “anything so central and essential to your life that, should you lose it, your life would feel hardly worth living.” [5] Whenever there is a financial crisis, there are some people who commit suicide. Without their money, life isn’t worth living. Money is their god. Idolatry is turning a good thing (like money) into an ultimate thing.

Settling for Less 

Paul says, “Claiming to be wise, they became fools” (v. 22). When we turn from God to devote our lives to an idol, we are settling for less—much less. How do we settle for less?

First, when we trade God for an idol, we become less. Paul was probably thinking of Psalm 106:19-20 when he wrote verse 23: “They made a calf in Horeb and worshiped a metal image. They exchanged the glory of God for the image of an ox that eats grass.” The psalmist is referring to the golden calf incident. After God had delivered the Israelites out of Egypt, they “made a golden calf” (Exod. 32:4) and “worshiped it” (Exod. 32:8). Tragically, the making and worship of the golden calf took place while Moses was on Mount Sinai received the Ten Commandments from God.

After the Israelites made and worshiped the golden calf, God described them as “a stiff-necked people” (Exod. 32:9; cf. 33:3, 5; 34:9; 2 Chron. 30:8; Neh. 9:16, 17, 29; Jer. 7:26; Acts 7:51). The golden calf would have been a bull (an ox?), a stiff-necked animal. The Israelites resembled their idol. [6] Psalm 115:8 says, “Those who make [idols] become like them; so do all who trust in them.” [7]

Humans were made to resemble God. Genesis 1:26 says that God made us “in [his] image, after [his] likeness.” In his book We Become What We Worship, G. K. Beale writes, “What people revere, they resemble, either for ruin or restoration.” [8] In Romans, the Greek word for “image” (eikon) occurs twice: “images [i.e., idols] resembling moral man and birds and animals” (1:23) and “the image of [God’s] Son” (8:29).

Second, when we trade God for an idol, we get less. When people are devoted to an idol, they are looking elsewhere for satisfaction. People who are devoted to idols say, “If only I could [fill in the blank], then I’d be satisfied.” But idols always end up disappointing us. Augustine prayed, “You have made us for yourself, O Lord, and our hearts are restless until they find their rest in you.” [9]

God declared, “My people have committed two evils: they have forsaken me, the fountain of living waters, and hewed out cisterns for themselves, broken cisterns that hold no water” (Jer. 2:13). To the woman at the well, Jesus said, “Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty again” (John 4:13-14).


We Are All Worshipers

Everyone is born worshiping. We all have the desire for “something more.” And we try to satisfy that desire with all sorts of things. But only God can satisfy that desire.
What is it, then, that this desire and this inability proclaim to us, but that there was once in man a true happiness of which there now remain to him only the mark and empty trace, which he in vain tries to fill from all his surroundings, seeking from things absent the help he does not obtain in things present? But these are all inadequate, because the infinite abyss can only be filled by an infinite and immutable object, that is to say, only by God Himself. [10]
To trade God for something else is to settle for less—much less.

___________________

[1] D. A. Carson, Douglas J. Moo, Leon Morris, An Introduction to the New Testament, 451.
[2] God says in Ezekiel 14:3, “These men have taken their idols into their heart” (cf. vv. 4, 7).
[3] John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion, 4.17.36.
[4] Timothy Keller, The Reason for God, 162.
[5] Keller, Counterfeit Gods, xviii.
[6] The Israelites repeatedly acted in a stiff-necked manner in the wilderness, refusing to obey God. This was especially seen when they refused to enter the promised land.
[7] See also Psalm 135:18; Isaiah 42:17-20.
[8] G. K. Beale, We Become What We Worship, 16.
[9] Augustine, Confessions, Book 1.
[10] Blaise Pascal, Pensées, page unknown.

Tuesday, February 6, 2018

No Excuses

Part 3 of Romans: The Gospel of God

Text: Romans 1:18-20




For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth (Rom. 1:18). 


Excuses

People are very good at coming up with excuses. What did Adam and Eve do when God confronted them about their sin? They gave God excuses. Adam said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me the fruit, and I ate” (Gen. 3:12). And the woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate” (Gen. 3:13). But God didn’t accept their excuses.

There is coming a day when each one of us will stand before God. And everyone is guilty of unrighteousness. (Unrighteousness is the opposite of righteousness, which is right living--in other words, loving God and loving others.) We can fool others, but we can’t fool God. Nothing is hidden from him. “God judges the secrets of men” (2:16).

God knows our sin, and none of us can give an excuse that will cause God to overlook it. None of us can argue our way out of hell. This is why the gospel is so good. It’s “the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes” (1:16). There’s no excuse that can save us, but God offers us salvation through faith in Jesus Christ.


Suppression of the Truth

Paul writes, “For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth” (v. 18). God’s wrath is his righteous anger against unrighteousness. People often think of wrath as a negative emotion, but sometimes it can be an appropriate emotion. For example, when you hear a story about a child being murdered, how do you feel? Probably angry. That's an appropriate emotion. If you felt indifference, that would actually be a sinful reaction. Why do we react with anger? Because we care about children. The same is true with the wrath of God. He is angry at our sin because he cares about us. Sin hurts ourselves or others.

How do people “suppress the truth”? We find the answer in the next verse: “For what can be known about God is plain [i.e., obvious] to them, because God has shown it to them” (v. 19). And how has God shown all people truth about himself? “For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made” (v. 20).

Creation reveals truth about God. “The heavens declare the glory of God” (Ps. 19:1). But people choose to suppress that truth. In the TV series The X-Files, agent Mulder has behind his desk a poster of a flying saucer, and the poster says, “I want to believe.” There are people who search the night skies, looking for UFOs, because they want to believe in extraterrestrials. But many of those same people will look into the night skies and see evidence for a powerful Creator and will suppress the truth. Why? Because they don’t want to believe.

Some skeptics will bring up the “hiddenness” of God. They will argue: (1) if God existed, then God would make his existence more obvious; (2) God is not obvious; (3) thus, God does not exist. But Paul states that God is actually more obvious that many people will admit. God also revealed himself through Jesus. And it’s also extremely arrogant to say that if there is a God he should reveal himself as I see fit.

People’s rejection of God is due to a moral deficiency, not a mental deficiency. Creation provides many arguments for the existence of God.
  1. The universe must have had a cause (cosmological argument). 
  2. The universe’s harmony, order, and design demands a designer (teleological argument). Richard Dawkins writes, “Biology is the study of complicated things that give the appearance of having been designed for a purpose" (The Blind Watchmaker, 1). Of course, Dawkins believes that the apparent design in creation is an illusion. This is an example of someone suppressing the truth.
  3. Humanity’s sense of right and wrong comes from a God of justice (moral argument). 
Paul says, “So they are without excuse” (v. 20). There is no one who can excuse their unbelief by saying to God, “You didn’t reveal yourself to me!” God has revealed himself to everyone through creation. This revelation is not sufficient to save, but I believe that if a person seeks God, he will give him/her more truth about himself.


Out to Get Us?

When we read in the Bible about God’s wrath and judgment and hell, we might think that God is out to get us—that he’s just waiting for us to mess up so he can punish us.

God is not out to get us; he’s out to save us!