Tuesday, November 22, 2016

The Son of Man

Part 7 of Our God Reigns

Text: Daniel 7

“I saw in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven there came one like a son of man, and he came to the Ancient of Days and was presented before him” (v. 13). 

The End Is Coming

Some people have said that Donald Trump becoming President is a sign of the apocalypse. People have all sorts of ideas about how the world might end (nuclear war, zombies, aliens). It’s true that one day this world as we know it will come to an end. But it won’t be zombies that will bring the world to an end. God is in control, and he will be the one who will put an end to this world as we know it. The book of Daniel can be broken into two parts.

The first half of the book (chapters 1-6) contains stories. The second half of the book (chapters 7-12) contains visions. [1]

Daniel's Nightmare

In Daniel’s vision, he sees “four great beasts [coming] up out of the sea” (v. 3). What is the meaning of these four beasts? Daniel is told that the “four great beasts are four kings who shall arise out of the earth” (v. 17). [2] People often try to identify the four kingdoms, [3] but perhaps it’s best to see the kingdoms as simply four kingdoms that will succeed one another.

Daniel is especially curious about the four beast and the little horn. Out of the head of the fourth beast grows “a little [horn],” which has “eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things” (v. 9). Many scholars believe that the little horn is the antichrist. “He shall speak words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High” (v. 25). But his kingdom, like the other kingdoms of man, will be destroyed.

One Like a Son of Man

When God finally puts an end to the kingdoms of man and establishes his eternal kingdom, he will give authority of that kingdom to someone whom Daniel describes as “one like a son of man” (v. 13). Who is this person? Those of us who are familiar with the Gospels know that Jesus often referred to himself as “the Son of Man.” What does this title mean?

When Daniel describes the person in his vision as “one like a son of man,” he means that the person looks like a man. “Son of man” and “man” are synonymous. For example, Psalm 8:3 says, “What is man that you are mindful of him, and the son of man that you care for him?” But the “one like a son of man” is obviously more than just a man. In Daniel’s vision, the “one like a son of man” comes “with the clouds of heaven.” In the OT, God is the one who rides on the clouds. “[The LORD] makes the clouds his chariot” (Ps. 104:3). “Behold, the LORD is riding on a swift cloud” (Isa. 19:1). “The clouds are the dust of [the LORD’s] feet” (Nah. 1:3).

When Jesus was questioned by Caiaphas the high priest regarding his true identity, Jesus finally declared, “From now on you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven” (Matt. 26:64). Jesus was saying, “I am the Son of Man in Daniel’s vision!” [4] What was the high priest’s reaction? He accused Jesus of blasphemy (v. 65). By calling himself the Son of Man, Jesus was claiming to be both human (“one like a son of man”) and divine (“with the clouds of heaven”). 

In the Old Testament prophecies, we often only see the mountain peeks. We see the mountain peek of the Messiah's coming into the world. And we see the mountain peek of the Messiah's reign. What we often don't see is the valley into between those two mountain peeks of prophecy. Jesus' followers were shocked when he was crucified. Before Jesus would come “with great power and glory” (Mark 13:26), he would come as a humble servant. He declared, “The Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many” (Mark 10:45).

Remain Faithful

The book of Daniel encourages God’s people to remain faithful. We are sometimes tempted to give up. Why should we remain faithful?
  1. God is in control. 
  2. God loves us. The Son of Man died for us! 
  3. God will have the final victory. The Son of Man will come again!
Before this year, the Chicago Cubs had not won the World Series since 1908 (108 years ago!). But people remained faithful to the Cubs, hoping that each year would be the year the Cubs finally would win. Faithful Cubs fans (including 108 year-old Cubs fan Mabel Ball) were finally rewarded this year with a World Series victory.

We should remain faithful because God has promised (Cubs fans had no guarantee of victory) that one day he will have the final victory. The chaos and evil of this world will come to an end. Jesus will reign. And we will reign with him!


[1] The genre of Daniel 7-12 (like Revelation) is apocalyptic. Apocalyptic writings are filled with symbols and often difficult to interpret.
[2] The vision of the four beasts is similar to Nebuchadnezzar’s dream of the great image (Dan. 2).
[3] One popular interpretation is that the four beasts represent Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome.
[4] “Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and seated on the cloud one like a son of man” (Rev. 14:14; cf. 1:13).nbsp;

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