Tuesday, June 28, 2016

A Life Pleasing to God

Part 2 of A New Hope

Text: 1 Thessalonians 2:1-12




For our appeal does not spring from error or impurity or any attempt to deceive, but just as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel, so we speak, not to please man, but to please God who tests our hearts (vv. 2:3-4).


Don't Miss the Forest for the Trees

The return of Jesus is mentioned in every chapter of 1 Thessalonians (1:10; 2:19; 3:13; 4:13-18; 5:1-11, 23). This is the reason why I’ve called this series on 1 Thessalonians “A New Hope.”

Many Christians have strong views on eschatology (i.e., the doctrine of future events). Our church's statement of faith says, “We believe in the personal, bodily and glorious return of the Lord Jesus Christ.” That statement allows for a variety of views on the return of Jesus (e.g., when it will happen in relation to other future events).

When it comes to the return of Jesus, we must not miss the forest for the trees. It’s about Jesus returning for his people; it’s not about arguing over who has the best timeline of future events. The great preacher Martyn Lloyd-Jones once said, “The great doctrine of the second advent has in a sense fallen into disrepute because of…this tendency on the part of some to be more interested in the how and the when of the second coming rather than in the fact of the second coming.” [1]

Instead of dividing us, the hope of Jesus’ return should unite us. It’s our “one hope” (Eph. 4:4).


Believers Who Needed Hope

First Thessalonians is a letter written by the apostle Paul (1:1) around A.D. 49 or 50 to Christians living in Thessalonica. The church in Thessalonica began as a result of Paul’s preaching of the gospel (1:4) during his second missionary journey (Acts 17:1-9).

When Paul wrote this letter, the Thessalonians were experiencing persecution. [2] Paul mentions that he also knows what it’s like to face persecution. Before arriving in Thessalonica, he had “suffered” and had been “shamefully treated” in Philippi (Acts 16:19-39). Then in Thessalonica, he encountered “conflict” (v. 2).

When we face adversity, we need hope. In 1:3, Paul says that the Thessalonians have “steadfastness of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ.” The NIV says, “endurance inspired by hope.” Our hope in Jesus is what us endurance during times of adversity.


Sometimes We Shouldn't Avoid Controversy

I read an article this week entitled “13 End Times Errors to Avoid.” Number two on the list was “not preaching the return of Jesus for fear of controversy.” [3] If a preacher gives in to that fear, he is more concerned with pleasing people than pleasing God.

Though the return of Jesus is a doctrine that often causes controversy, it is too important to avoid. 

The return of Jesus is our hope! How can we avoid it? It’s sort of like a high school not talking about graduation.


Please God

There aren’t many people who don’t really care about what other people think about them. (Why do you do the things you do?) Sometimes we can do please both God and people at the same time. Sometimes we can’t.

Paul writes that whenever he preaches the gospel, he “[speaks], not to please man, but to please God” (v. 4). Paul wasn’t saying that he tried to displease people. “I try to please everyone in everything I do, not seeking my own advantage, but that of many, that they may be saved” (1 Cor. 10:33; cf. 9:19-23).

But sometimes it was necessary for Paul to displease some people in order to please God. “Am I now seeking the approval of man, or of God? Or am I trying to please man? If I were still trying to please man, I would not be a servant of Christ” (Gal. 1:10).

Are there areas of our lives in which we’re guilty of people pleasing? How would our lives be different if we thought more about pleasing God?

____________________

[1] Source unknown.
[2] Some of the Thessalonian believers might have been thinking or even complaining, “Why did Paul leave us so quickly?” Paul addresses this question in chapters 2 and 3.
[3] https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/13-end-times-errors-to-avoid

Wednesday, June 15, 2016

The Endurance of Hope

Part 1 of A New Hope

Text: 1 Thessalonians 1:1-10




Remembering before our God and Father your work of faith and labor of love and steadfastness of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ (1 Thess. 1:3). 


A Source of Hope

First Thessalonians was written to people who were facing adversity (specifically persecution). We all need a source of hope, especially during times of adversity.


Paul's First Letter to the Thessalonians

First Thessalonians is a letter written by the apostle Paul (1:1) [1] to Christians living in Thessalonica. [2] It was probably written around A.D. 49 or 50, possibly while Paul was in Corinth (Acts 18:1-17). [3]

The church in Thessalonica began as a result of Paul’s preaching of the gospel (1:4) during his second missionary journey (Acts 17:1-9). The Thessalonians had “turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God” (1:9). They possessed a new hope—a hope that would be fulfilled at the second coming of Jesus. The second coming is mentioned in every chapter of 1 Thessalonians (1:10; 2:19; 3:13; 4:13-18; 5:1-11, 23).


Faith, Love, Hope 

The Thessalonians possessed “the trinity of classic Christian virtues”[4]: faith, love, and hope. [5] Paul writes, “We give thanks to God always for all of you, constantly mentioned you in our prayers, remembering before our God and Father your work of faith and labor of love and steadfastness of hope in the Lord Jesus Christ” (1:2-3; cf. 5:8).[6] Faith, love, and hope “are not some invisible qualities that bear no relationship to the real world. They are vibrant realities that express themselves visibly.” [7]

When Paul uses the word “hope,” he’s talking about something that’s an “absolute certainty,” [8] not something that’s based on wishful thinking. Our hope is “in our Lord Jesus Christ” (1:3). It will be fulfilled when Jesus returns. This hope gives us “steadfastness” (i.e., endurance). When we face adversity, there’s the temptation to give up.

Our hope in Jesus gives us endurance during times of adversity. 

Like the Thessalonians, we “wait for [God’s] Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, Jesus who delivered us from the wrath to come” (1:10). “Wrath” refers to God’s anger over humanity’s sin. Jesus not only a Saviour; he’s also a Judge. “Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him” (John 3:36). But God’s love is seen in what he did to remove his wrath from us: “God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life” (John 3:16).

The Thessalonians were confused about some details concerning the second coming (4:13-18; 5:1-11), but their hope was solid. Today, Christians don't all share the same views on the second coming (e.g., its timing), but we all believe Jesus is returning. Let's not make this into a divisive doctrine. We have one hope.


____________________

[1] Silvanus and Timothy are also mentions as senders of the letter. They had been coworkers with Paul during his second missionary journey when the Thessalonian church was planted.
[2] Thessalonica was located in Macedonia. When 1 Thessalonians was written, the city had a population of over 100,000 people.
[3] Gordon D. Fee, The First and Second Letters to the Thessalonians (NICNT), 5.
[4] Gene L. Green, The Letters to the Thessalonians (PNTC), 89.
[5] These three virtues are found together elsewhere in the NT (Rom. 5:1-5; 1 Cor. 13:13; Gal. 5:5-6; Col. 1:4-5; 1 Peter 1:21-22; Heb. 10:22-24).
[6] The NIV reads, “We remember…your work produced by faith, your labor prompted by love, and your endurance inspired by hope in our Lord Jesus Christ.”
[7] Gary S. Shogren, 1 & 2 Thessalonians (ZECNT), 59.
[8] Fee, 26.

Wednesday, June 8, 2016

God Keeps His Promises

Part 5 of Turning the Tables

Text: Esther 8:1-17; 9:1-2, 20-22




On the very day when the enemies of the Jews hoped to gain the mastery over them, the reverse occurred (Esth. 9:1). 


But You Promised! 

We’ve all experienced the disappointment of someone breaking a promise they had made to us. Thankfully, God doesn’t break his promises.

In the book of Esther, Haman plots to destroy the Jews. But God had promised their patriarch Abraham that his descendants would not be destroyed. The book of Esther tells us how God kept that promise. [1]


People Break Their Promises, But God Doesn't  

Why do people break their promises? Sometimes people don’t intend to keep their promises. (They’re dishonest.) Sometimes people make promises they can’t keep. (“But, Dad, you promised!”) Sometimes people forget about their promises. (“I’ll come over sometime and help you with that.”) 

But God is different. When God makes a promise, he’ll keep it.

The God who doesn’t lie, doesn’t fail, and doesn’t forget will keep his promises. 

Many years before the story of Esther took place, God promised an elderly man named Abraham that he and his barren wife Sarah would have a son—an outrageous promise! God also promised that Abraham’s descendants would be as numerous as the stars in the sky (Gen. 15:5) and that God would bless them and that they would be a blessing to the nations (Gen. 12:2-3). God wasn’t lying not lie when he gave Abraham those promises. And he wouldn’t fail or forget to keep those promises. Abraham was “fully convinced that God was able to do what he had promised” (Rom. 4:21; cf. Gen. 15:6).


The Tables Were Turned

In the book of Esther, God kept his promises to Abraham’s descendants through his providence. God plays chess while his enemies play checkers.

God turned the tables for Esther and her people. “On the very day when the enemies of the Jews hoped to gain the mastery over them, the reverse occurred” (Esth. 9:1). “Their sorrow was turned into joy and their mourning into a day of celebration” (Esth. 9:22, NIV).

What if the Jews had been destroyed by Haman? If the Jews had been destroyed, Jesus would not have been born. And if Jesus had not been born, there would be no salvation. [2]

Jesus came into this world to turn the tables for us. Through faith in him, we can go from being condemned to being saved. Jesus declared, “God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him” (John 3:17).


Too Good to Be True?

Do you ever doubt the promises of God? (“Are these promises too good to be true?”)

There’s one more reason why God will keep the promises he has made to us: he loves us—with a love that seems too good to be true. “He who did not spare his own Son but gave him up for us all, how will he not also with him graciously give us all things?” (Rom. 8:32). If God has already given us his Son, he’ll also give us all the things he has promised us.


____________________

[1] Karen Jobes writes, “The major theological point of Esther is that throughout history God fulfills his covenant promises through his providence” (Esther, 38).
[2] When God promised to bless the nations through the descendants of Abraham, he was thinking of Abraham’s ultimate descendant: Jesus (Gal. 3:16).

Tuesday, May 31, 2016

There Are No Coincidences

Part 4 of Turning the Tables

Text: Esther 5:1-8; 6:1-14; 7:1-10




On that night the king could not sleep. And he gave orders to bring the book of memorable deeds, the chronicles, and they were read before the king (Esth. 6:1). 


What Are the Odds? 

When you look through old books in a used bookstore, you’ll often find interesting inscriptions inside.

While American novelist Anne Parrish was wandering through a bookstore in Paris in the 1920s, she found a book that was one of her childhood favourites: Jack Frost and Other Stories. She picked up the old book and showed it to her husband, telling him how she fondly remembered reading the book as a child. Her husband opened the book, and on the flyleaf was Anne’s name and address. It was Anne’s very own book! [1]

What are the odds of that happening? We call it a coincidence. The dictionary defines a “coincidence” as “a striking occurrence of two or more events at one time apparently by mere chance.” [2]

In the book of Esther, several coincidences result in the deliverance of the Jews. But were these coincidences really coincidences? Were these events the result of mere chance, or were these events directed by the unseen hand of God?


I Don't Need a Miracle

Sometimes Christians can feel like God is absent from their lives. They read about the miracles in the Bible, but their lives lack anything miraculous. If that’s how you feel right now, the book of Esther can be an encouragement to you.

  • Though God is hidden in the book of Esther, he isn’t absent. [3]
  • Though a miracle doesn’t occur in the book of Esther, God still does something amazing. [4]

What does the book of Esther say to people who are discouraged about not getting a miracle from God?

God doesn’t need to perform a miracle to do something amazing. 

The working of God in our lives without the use of miracles is called divine providence. The apostle Paul writes, “For those who love God all things [both good and bad things] work together for good” (Rom. 8:28). The ultimate example of divine providence is the cross. The apostle Peter declared to the people of Jerusalem, “This Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men” (Acts 2:23). The cross was something very bad, but God used it to do something very good.


Coincidences? I Think Not!

It’s been said that “coincidence is God’s way of remaining anonymous.” In Esther 6, a series of amazing “coincidences” take place.

  • It just happened that the king couldn’t fall asleep that night (v. 1). 
  • It just happened that “the book of memorable deeds” was read to the king (v. 1). 
  • It just happened that when the book was read, the person reading the book came to the part that told of how Mordecai had warned the king of an assassination plot (v. 2; cf. 2:19-23). 
  • It just happened that Mordecai had never been rewarded for his good deed (v. 3). 
  • It just happened that while the king was thinking about how to reward Mordecai, Haman walked into the palace (v. 4).
The turning point in the book of Esther is the King’s inability to sleep—a seemingly insignificant event. “By making [the turning point] an insignificant event rather than the point of the highest dramatic tension [i.e., Esther going to see the king (5:1-8)], the author is taking the focus away from human action.” [5] What might seem like an insignificant event to us could be something that God intends to be a turning point.


Capitalizing on "Coincidences"

In the story of the Good Samaritan, Jesus says that the priest “by chance” walked down the road where the man was injured (Luke 10:31). But the priest didn’t stop to help. When you “just happen” to meet someone, is it just a chance encounter, or did God want you to meet that person for a reason? 

This week, try to capitalize on the “coincidences” of your life. 

____________________

[1] http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/1932/07/30/reunion-in-paris
[2] http://www.dictionary.com/browse/coincidence
[3] God is not mentioned once in the book of Esther. This wasn’t an oversight by the author. The book teaches us that we shouldn’t interpret the hiddenness of God as his absence.
[4] A miracle is not merely an unusual and amazing event. A miracle is “a less common kind of God’s activity in which he arouses people’s awe and wonder and bears witness to himself” (Wayne Grudem, Systematic Theology, 355). “Unlike God’s ordinary providence, his miraculous intervention involves a suspension or alteration of natural laws and processes in particular circumstances” (Michael Horton, The Christian Faith, 355). So a miracle, by definition, is a rare event.
[5] Karen Jobes, Esther, 158.

Tuesday, May 24, 2016

The One Whom the King Delights to Honour

Part 3 of Turning the Tables

Text: Esther 2:19-23; 5:9-6:14




So Haman came in, and the king said to him, “What should be done to the man whom the king delights to honor?” (Esth. 6:6). 


Do I Matter? 

One of our basic human needs is to have a sense of self-worth. The dictionary defines “self-worth” as “the sense of one’s own value or worth as a person.” [1] When people lack a sense of self-worthy, depression [2] and even suicide can be the result. Without a sense of self-worthy, life doesn’t seem worth living. [3] How can we gain a sense of self-worth without inflating our egos? 

Debra Reid describes Haman as “an egocentric megalomaniac bent on retaliation and destruction if his fragile ego is subject to the slightest provocation.” [4] In other words, he was self-obsessed.


The Great Sin

When Mordecai refused to bow down and pay homage to Haman (Esth. 3:2), Haman devised a plot to kill not only Mordecai but also “all the Jews, the people of Mordecai, throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus” (Esth. 3:6). What caused Haman to want to commit genocide? Pride. Pride has been described as “the ruthless, sleepless, unsmiling concentration upon self.” [5] The person filled with pride will always be looking for ways to get back at people who offend him or don’t give him the recognition he thinks he deserves.

When I mention pride, do you think, “That sounds just like so and so”? Pride is like carbon monoxide (the “silent killer”). It’s deadly, but we often don’t see it in our own lives—though pride is every easy to see in other people’s lives.

In Mere Christianity by C. S. Lewis, there is a chapter on pride entitled “The Great Sin.” In the chapter, Lewis writes,
We say that people are proud of being rich, or clever, or good-looking, but they are not. They are proud of being richer, or cleverer, or better-looking than others. If every one else became equally rich, or clever, or good-looking there would be nothing to be proud about. [6]

An Inflated Ego

Haman occupied a powerful position in the kingdom (Esth. 3:1). But Haman wasn’t content with being powerful; he wanted everyone to know that he was more powerful than everyone other than the king. And when Mordecai wouldn’t show Haman the respect a person of his position was supposed to receive, he couldn’t stand it: “Yet all this is worth nothing to me, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king’s gate” (Esth. 5:13).

The life of Haman is a perfect example of pride coming before a fall. [7] The king asked Haman, “What should be done to the man whom the king delights to honor?” (Esth. 6:6). Haman became excited, thinking that the king wanted to honour him. But being honoured by the king would just have inflated Haman’s ego.


I Matter to God

There is a better King who “delights to honor” us. God honours us by making us his children. But this honour shouldn’t fill us with sinful pride. We are not children of God because we are better than others. We are children of God due to what Jesus did for us. Haman was humbled, but Jesus chose to be humbled (“he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross,” Phil. 2:8). On the cross, the tables were turned. Jesus reversed places with us. “For our sake [the Father] made [Jesus] to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God” (2 Cor. 5:21).

We will gain both self-worth and humility when we understand the grace of God. 

I am unworthy of God’s love, but he loves me. The cross proves to me that I matter to God.
When I survey the wondrous cross
On which the Prince of glory died,
My richest gain I count but loss,
And pour contempt on all my pride. [8]
“The praise of the praiseworthy is above all rewards.” [9] We don’t merely want to be valued by others; we want to be valued by someone we value. Or, as Tim Keller puts it, “We want someone we think the world of to think the world of us.” [10]


[1] http://www.dictionary.com/browse/self-worth
[2] One of the symptoms of depression is feelings of worthlessness (http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/cd-mc/mi-mm/ depression-eng.php).
[3] About 10 Canadians per day commit suicide.
[4] Debra Reid, Esther: An Introduction and Commentary, 111.
[5] C. S. Lewis, The Screwtape Letters, page unknown.
[6] C. S. Lewis, Mere Christianity, 120.
[7] The book of Esther is about reversal of fortunes. The tables begin to turn when the king couldn’t fall asleep (Esth. 6:1). This is the first in a series of “coincidences” that lead to the downfall of Haman and the deliverance of the Jews.
[8] Isaac Watts, “When I Survey the Wondrous Cross.”
[9] J. R. R. Tolkien, The Two Towers, 291.
[10] Tim Keller, “The Man the King Delights to Honor” (sermon).

Tuesday, May 17, 2016

If I Perish, I Perish

Part 2 of Turning the Tables

Text: Esther 3:1-6; 4:1-17




“Then I will go to the king, though it is against the law, and if I perish, I perish” (Esth. 4:16). 


The God Who Didn't Speak

In the short story “The Adventure of the Silver Blaze,” one of the clues that helped Sherlock Holmes solve the case was “the curious incident of the dog in the night-time.”
Inspector Gregory (Scotland Yard detective): “Is there any other point to which you would wish to draw my attention?”
Holmes: “To the curious incident of the dog in the night-time.”
Gregory: “The dog did nothing in the night-time.”
Holmes: “That was the curious incident.” [1]
The dog not barking was an important clue for Holmes. It told him that the crime was committed by someone the dog knew well. [2]

In the book of Esther, there is the curious incident of God. “But,” you say, “God is silent in the book of Esther. The author doesn’t even mention God.” That is the curious incident.

Karen Jobes writes that “the complete absence of God from the text is the genius of the book.” [3] The author of the book of Esther intentionally leaves out any mention of God to show us that even when God is silent, he is still working in the lives of his people. We shouldn’t interpret God’s silence as his absence.


What to Do When God Is Silent

Esther had to make a very difficult decision. She was asked to do something that would put her life at risk. Perhaps she thought to herself, “I wish God would clearly show me what I should do.” But God was silent.

Like Esther, we’re often unsure what we should do. Of course, we have the Bible (i.e., God’s word), but it doesn’t always give us the answers we’re looking for. God is silent. What should we do when God is silent?

Do what you’re convinced is best, and leave the rest to God. 


Haman's Genocidal Plot 

In chapter 3, we are introduced to a man named Haman. Haman was an extremely proud man. The King promoted Haman to an important position (3:1). Everyone who occupied a lower position than Haman was expected to bow down and pay homage to him. And everyone did, except for Mordecai (3:2).

Mordecai’s insubordination caused Hama to be “filled with fury.” Haman was so angry that we wanted Mordecai to be killed. But he wasn’t satisfied with executing only Mordecai. Haman had learned that Mordecai was a Jew (3:4). So Haman “sought to destroy all the Jews, the people of Mordecai, throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus” (3:6). [4]


For Such a Time as This

Mordecai asked Esther to “plead with [the king] on behalf of her people” (4:8). But Esther told Mordecai that “if any man or woman goes to the king inside the inner court without being called, there is but one law—to be put to death, except the one to whom the king holds out the golden scepter so that he may live” (4:11). And Esther wasn’t sure that she would be granted access by the king. She said, “I have not been called to come in to the king these thirty days” (4:11). Maybe by this time the king had lost interest in Esther.

Mordecai challenged Esther to act by telling her, “Who knows whether you have not come to the kingdom for such a time as this?” (4:14). She had not come to be queen by chance. Maybe “all of the previous circumstances of Esther’s life that led her to the Persian throne may have been just for this moment when she can intercede for her people.” [5] But even if Esther didn’t act, God would use someone else to accomplish his plan: “If you keep silent at this time, relief and deliverance will rise for the Jews from another place” (4:14). [6]


The Right Inspiration

Finally, Esther said, “Then I will go to the king, though it is against the law, and if I perish, I perish” (4:16). She was going to do what she was convinced was best, and then leave the rest to God. After reading the book of Esther, many people will say, “I want to be like Esther!” But if Esther is our inspiration, our enthusiasm won’t last.

Our inspiration needs to be Jesus. Like Jesus, Esther saved her people by identification and mediation. But Jesus didn’t say, “If I perish, I perish.” He didn’t risk his life for us; he laid down his life for us. The cross was an absolute certainty. [7]


Why Are You Where You Are?

We were saved by God’s grace (Eph. 2:8-9) to be his “workmanship” (Eph. 2:10). In other words, God intends for us to do certain things. How would your life change if you believed that you are where you are for a purpose?

____________________

[1] Arthur Conan Doyle, “The Adventure of the Silver Blaze,” in The Complete Adventures of and Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes, 172-87.
[2] I got the idea to use this story from reading Iain Duguid’s chapter on Esther 4:1-17, “The Dog That Didn’t Bark” (Esther and Ruth, 45).
[3] Karen Jobes, Esther (NIVAC), 41-42.
[4] Haman’s plan to kill all the Jews in the kingdom reminds us of what Hitler attempted.
[5] Jobes, Esther, 134.
[6] Is “from another place” a euphemism for God? “This understanding is problematic, for it is not a choice between Esther’s delivering the Jews or God’s delivering them. Rather, it is a question of what human agency God will use to deliver the Jews…” (Jobes, Esther, 133-34).
[7] This thought was taken from Tim Keller’s sermon “If I Perish, I Perish.”

Tuesday, May 10, 2016

The Perfect God Works Through Imperfect People

Part 1 of Turning the Tables

Text: Esther 1:1-2:18




The king loved Esther more than all the women, and she won grace and favor in his sight more than all the virgins, so that he set the royal crown on her head and made her queen instead of Vashti (Esth. 2:17). 


A Book About Reversal of Fortune

“The tables are turned.” The saying comes from board games. The tables are turned when you go from a losing position to a winning position (i.e., experience a reversal of fortune). The book of Esther is a book about reversal of fortune. In the NIV, Esther 9:1 says, “Now the tables were turned.” [1]

The book of Esther was written around 400 B.C. by an unknown author. It has been popular among Jews. (It tells about the origin of Purim.) [2] But it has been unpopular among Christians. (No Christian commentary on Esther was written for the first 800 years of the church.)

The story of Esther takes place during the reign of the Persian King Ahasuerus (also known as Xerxes). It was a time when a man was judged according to his wealth and power, and a woman was judged according to her beauty—so in some ways, the world hasn’t change much at all.


Where Is God? 

Surprisingly, the book of Esther never once mentions God. Was it an oversight by the author? (“Oops!”) No, a Jewish author would not forget to mention God. It had to be intentional. But why? Karen Jobes writes that “the complete absence of God from the text is the genius of the book.” [3] The book of Esther shows how God—even when he seems to be absent—is working out his good will in and through the lives of his people. [4] Joyce Baldwin comments, “The unseen hand behind the events in Susa is no less active in guiding history today. The book of Esther is still relevant.” [5]

Debra Reid writes that God is “the ‘hidden’ God in the text [of the book of Esther] rather than the ‘absent’ God.” [6] God’s hiddenness is not absence. We believe that God’s isn’t absent, but we still struggle with the hiddenness of God. We say, “Why can’t I experience a miracle? Why can’t I see a vision?” But Esther never experienced a miracle or saw a vision.


Esther Wasn't Flawless

Up to this point in the story, what do you think of Esther? Esther was a beautiful woman (2:7), and she was given lots of cosmetics to make her look even more beautiful (2:9). But Esther wasn’t flawless. (1) She apparently broke the Jewish dietary laws since she didn’t refuse “her portion of food” (2:9). [7] (2) She slept with a man who wasn’t her husband (2:16-17). (3) Some would say that she became queen by just doing whatever the men in her life told her to do (unlike Vashti).

Though she wasn’t flawless, God was going to use Esther to save her people from destruction. [8] Maybe you’re thinking, “Why didn’t God choose to use someone who was more worthy?” If that’s what you’re thinking, then you really don’t understand the message of the Bible. The message of the Bible is that God is a God of grace.

God works his will through us, in spite of our failures and shortcomings. 

If you think that God can’t use you to do amazing things because of your past failures or your present shortcomings, you’re wrong. Iain Duguid writes,
Here is hope for all those who find themselves in difficult circumstances in the present because of their past sin and compromise. Here is hope for people who married a non-Christian husband or wife, even though they knew it was wrong. The person who chose a career based on all the wrong motivations, or who has wasted a lifetime in pursuit of the wrong goals can discover that God is sovereign even over those sinful choices and wasted opportunities. Perhaps he has brought us to where we are today so that we can serve him in a unique way. If so, that doesn’t make those wrong decisions and sinful actions right. But it should cause us to give thanks to God that he is able to form beautiful pictures out of our smudged and stained efforts. Past failures do not write us out of a significant part in God’s script for the future. [9]
We’re not flawless, but neither was Esther.


[1] The ESV has a more literal translation of the original Hebrew: “the reverse occurred.”
[2] The book of Esther must have a source of hope to Jews living during the days of the Nazi Holocaust.
[3] Karen Jobes, Esther (NIVAC), 41-42.
[4] Theologians call this the providence of God.
[5] Joyce G. Baldwin, Esther: An Introduction and Commentary (TOTC), 42.
[6] Debra Reid, Esther: An Introduction and Commentary (TOTC), 48.
[7] Esther is often compared to Daniel, another young Jew who lived in a foreign land. Unlike Esther, Daniel didn’t hide his Jewish identity and “resolved that he would not defile himself with the king’s food” (Dan. 1:8).
[8] The deliverance of the Jews was crucial for two reasons: (1) God kept his promise to bless Abraham’s descendants, and (2) the Christ was to be born a Jew.
[9] Iain M. Duguid, Esther and Ruth (REC), 29.

Tuesday, May 3, 2016

The First Church

Part 3 of Witnesses

Text: Acts 2:42-47



And they devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers (Acts 2:42). 


Learning from the Past

It’s fascinating to look back at how people lived in the past. Sometimes we can learn from them. For example, people of the past would avoid going into debt over things they didn't really need--like the latest TV we really can't afford.

In Acts 2, we read about how the first Christians [1] lived. They lived in a very different time and place, but they believed in the same gospel. And we can learn some things from how they lived.


How the First Christians Lived

Prior to the Day of Pentecost, there were “about 120” followers of Jesus in Jerusalem (Acts 1:15). Then on the Day of Pentecost “about three thousand” people [2] put their faith in Jesus and were baptized (Acts 2:41). In verses 42-47, we are given the activities of the earliest church.

1) It was a learning church. [3] “They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching” (v. 42). Before his ascension, Jesus told the apostles to “make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you” (Matt. 28:19-20). They had a hunger for God’s word.

2) It was a loving church. “They devoted themselves to…the fellowship” (v. 42). The basic idea of “fellowship” is sharing. [4]

3) It was a worshiping church. “They devoted themselves to…the breaking of bread and the prayers” (v. 42). It’s unclear whether “the breaking of bread” refers to the Lord’s Supper or a larger meal. “What makes the choice hard to decide is that the Lord’s table was part of a larger meal in the earliest church.” [5] Perhaps it refers to both.

4) It was an evangelistic church. Verse 47 tells us that “the Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved.” The good reputation of the church (“having favor with all the people,” v. 47) impacted their witness. Evangelism is something the Lord does through his people. 


True Fellowship

The first Christians were sharing people. They “had all things in common” (v. 44). The gospel wasn’t something these people merely believed with their minds; it changed their lives. They had “glad and generous hearts” (v. 46). Their sharing was not a duty; it was a delight.

Since Jesus—our Lord and Saviour—has given his life for us, we should be moved in our hearts to be sharing people. 

First, they shared their time. They were regularly spent time together (“all who believed were together,” v. 44; “day by day, attending the temple together,” v. 46).

Second, they shared their money. They “were selling their possessions and belongings and distributing the proceeds to all, as any had need” (v. 45). Is this a command for us today? No, description does not equal prescription (cf. Acts 5:4). But we should not be quick to dismiss it. “How easy it is to justify our lifestyles and our attachment to things by writing off threatening texts.”

Third, they shared their food. They were daily “breaking bread in their homes” with one another (v. 46).
Darrell Bock writes, In our culture, our individual needs and rights come before any needs of the group. The biblical picture is not of what someone receives from the church, although one does receive a great deal, but of what one gives and how one contributes to it. 
What's the one thing you don't have to teach a child? Selfishness. It comes naturally to all of us. It's very difficult to teach a child to share. Most toddlers' favourite word is "Mine!"

Our motivation for being generous should come from the truth of the gospel. The gospel changes my motivation from "This is what I'm supposed to do" to "This is what I want to do."


[1] I believe that the NT church began on the day of Pentecost. I am defining “Christians” as followers of Christ who have lived since that day.
[2] Many of the three thousand were Jews from other countries, so verses 42-47 would not be describing them.
[3] This outline is taken from John Stott’s commentary on Acts (The Message of Acts, 81-87).
[4] Ajith Fernando, Acts, 120.
[5] Darrell L. Bock, Acts, 150-51.
[6] John Piper, “The Fear of God and Freedom from Goods,” desiringgod.org.
[7] Bock, Acts, 155.

Tuesday, April 26, 2016

It's All About Jesus

Part 2 of Witnesses

Text: Acts 1:41




“Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified” (Acts 2:36). 


The Start of Something New

Jesus told his followers that after he ascended to heaven, the Holy Spirit would begin to do a new thing. [1] The Holy Spirit would “come upon [them]” and give them power to be witnesses (Acts 1:8)—witnesses of what God had done through the death and resurrection of Jesus. 

The events of Acts 2:1-41 took place on the Day of Pentecost, fifty days after the start of Passover (during which Jesus was crucified) and ten days after the ascension.


Confusion About the Holy Spirit

Luke writes that his “first book” (i.e., the Gospel of Luke) was about what “Jesus began to do and teach” (Acts 1:1). The book of Acts is about what Jesus continued to do and teach through the church in the power of the Holy Spirit.

There’s a lot of confusion about the Holy Spirit. Many people think the Holy Spirit is merely a force, not a person. But the Bible refers to the Spirit as a “he,” not an “it.” He’s the third person of the Trinity. [2]

And there are different views among Christians on the gifts of the Holy Spirit (also known as spiritual gifts). A spiritual gift is an ability given by the Holy Spirit for service. The two basic views about spiritual gifts are cessationism and continuationism. Cessationists believe that some of the spiritual gifts are no longer in operation today (e.g., the gift of tongues). Continuationists believe that all of the spiritual gifts are still in operation today.

In Acts 2, we read about how the followers of Jesus “were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance” (v. 4). What was the main purpose of the Holy Spirit’s activity on the Day of Pentecost? And what is the main purpose of the Holy Spirit’s activity in our lives today?


Pointing People to Jesus

On the Day of Pentecost, Jerusalem was filled with people who were visiting the city from other countries (vv. 8-11). The people were “bewildered” (v. 6), “amazed” (vv. 7, 12), “astonished” (v. 7), and “perplexed” (v. 12) that the followers of Jesus (“Galileans,” v. 7) were able to speak in many different languages. Some thought they were drunk (“They are filled with new wine,” v. 13). The apostle Peter explained to the people that the gift of tongues was the fulfillment of Joel’s prophecy (“And in the last days it shall be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh,” v. 17; cf. Joel 2:28-32).

What Peter really wanted to do was point people to “Jesus of Nazareth” (v. 22). [3] He proclaimed to the people six truths about Jesus.

1) Jesus was “accredited” (v. 22, NIV).
2) Jesus was “delivered up” (v. 23).
3) Jesus was “crucified” (v. 23).
4) Jesus was “raised” (v. 24).
5) Jesus was “exalted” (v. 33).
6) Jesus was made “both Lord and Christ” (v. 36).

 After hearing what Peter had to say about Jesus, the people ask, “What shall we do?” (v. 37). Peter answered, “Repent and be baptized [4] everyone one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit” (v. 38). Sometimes what people need to hear is not what they want to hear.


The Main Purpose of the Holy Spirit

During the Last Supper, Jesus declared, “[The Holy Spirit] will glorify me” (John 16:14). Charles Spurgeon, in his sermon “The Holy Spirit’s Chief Office” said, “It is the chief office of the Holy Spirit to glorify Christ.” [5]

The Holy Spirit’s main purpose is to point people to Jesus. 

We can point people to Jesus through both our words and deeds. Acts 2 is mainly about the words of Jesus’ followers, but Acts 2 also says that the followers of Jesus had “favor with all the people” (v. 47). They were pointing people to Jesus through the kind of lives they lived. Our neighbors or coworkers should say of us, “He/she is a good person.” If they say, “He’s a jerk,” or “She’s a gossip,” they’ll disregard any words we say about Jesus.

The new thing that the Holy Spirit is doing in these days is all about Jesus.


[1] This doesn’t mean that the Holy Spirit was inactive prior to Acts 2. The second verse of the Bible says, “The Spirit was hovering over the face of the waters” (Gen. 1:2).
[2] A person is not necessarily a human being (e.g., an angel is a person but not a human).
[3] Preaching is not really Christian preaching if it doesn’t point people to Jesus. If someone from a different religion can agree with everything a preacher says, it’s not Christian preaching.
[4] Baptism is not something we must do in order to be saved. “The willingness to submit to baptism is an outward expres-sion of inward faith in Christ” (ESV Study Bible).
[5] C. H. Spurgeon, “The Holy Spirit’s Chief Office.”

Tuesday, April 19, 2016

In the Meantime

Part 1 of Witnesses

Text: Acts 1:1-11



“Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into heaven? This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven” (Acts 1:11). 


Living Between Two Great Events

The Acts of the Apostles is the sequel to the Gospel of Luke. [1] Luke writes that his “first book” (i.e., the Gospel of Luke) was about what “Jesus began to do and teach” (Acts 1:1). The Acts of the Apostles is about what Jesus continued to do and teach through the church.

We are living in the time between two great events: the ascension [2] and the second coming. You could say that we’re living in the meantime.


The One Thing We Must Not Do

In the meantime, there is one thing we must not do. What is the one thing we must not do? We must not do nothing. [3] After Jesus ascended to heaven, the apostles were mildly rebuked by the two angels: “Why do you stand looking into heaven?” (v. 11).

 Jesus went up to heaven, and one day he’ll return; in the meantime, we have work to do. 


People Like Us

Though they lived in a different time and culture, the apostles and the other followers of Jesus were people like us. Like us, they struggled with fear and doubt.

The resurrection of Jesus was not something that was easy for them to believe. [4] This is why Jesus gave them “many proofs” (v. 3). [5] What kind of evidence would you need in order to believe in the resurrection? That’s the kind of evidence that they were given.


The Ascension and the Return

“As [the apostles] were looking on, [Jesus] was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight” (v. 9). We shouldn’t downplay the significance of the ascension. Jesus is now “exalted at the right hand of God” (Acts 2:33; cf. Psalm 110:1). The apostle Paul writes, “Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us” (Rom. 8:34; cf. Heb. 7:25).

The two angels said to the apostles, “This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven” (v. 11). Jesus will one day return bodily [6] and visibly. As we await the return of Jesus, we are to be doing the mission he gave us.


The Mission

After Jesus ascended to heaven, he sent the Holy Spirit to indwell his followers. [7] The Spirit would provide the necessary power for mission. Jesus said, “You will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth” (v. 8). [8] The message of biblical Christianity is not “God loves me, period…” the message of biblical Christianity is “God loves me so that I might make him—his ways, his salvation, his glory, his greatness—known among all nations.” [9] We can be witnesses anywhere—on the other side of the world (e.g., as a missionary in China) or here in Halifax.

Many of us have probably heard the saying, “Preach the gospel. Use words if necessary.” [10] There are some Christians who talk about the gospel too much and live the gospel too little. But most Christians wouldn’t fall into that category. And the truth is, people need to hear (or read) words in order to be saved. Justin Taylor has said, “The Good News can no more be communicated by deeds than can the nightly news.” [11]


Time Is Precious

We are often guilty of wasting time--even "killing" time. We would probably waste less time if we could see the time of our lives ticking down.

We are living in the time between two great events: the ascension and the second coming. Jesus went up to heaven, and one day he’ll return; in the meantime, we have are to be witnesses of what God has done for us through the death and resurrection of Jesus. We need to live the gospel, and we need to share the gospel.


[1] Both books were written by Luke to a man named Theophilus (Luke 1:3; Acts 1:1).
[2] The Gospel of Luke ends with the ascension (24:50-53); Acts begins with it (1:6-11).
[3] Yes, I know this is a double negative. In other words, we must do something.
[4] Some of them even doubted right up until the time of Jesus’ ascension (Matt. 28:17).
[5] Jesus was with his followers for “forty days” (v. 3) between his resurrection and ascension. If the resurrection had happened on the date of this year’s Easter Sunday (March 27), then the ascension would have happened on May 6.
[6] Jesus did not cease to be human when he ascended. He will return as a man.
[7] This is why Jesus leaving his followers was not a bad thing. The risen Jesus said to Mary Magdalene, “Do not cling to me [i.e., hold on to me], for I have not yet ascended to the Father” (John 20:17).
[8] “The geographical scope of Acts 1:8 provides a rough outline of the entire book: Jerusalem (1-7), Judea and Samaria (8-12), the ends of the earth (13-28)” (J. B. Polhill, Acts, 86).
[9] David Platt, Radical, 70-71.
[10] This saying is commonly attributed to Francis of Assisi.
[11] http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2009/mayweb-only/120-42.0.html?start=2